1965: Rubber Soul

(Parlophone/December 3, 1965) PMC 1267 (mono) PCS 3075 (stereo)

Produced by George Martin All songs composed by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, unless otherwise noted.

Side 1:

Drive My Car 
Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) 
You Won't See Me 
Nowhere Man 
Think For Yourself (George Harrison) 
The Word 
Michelle 

Side 2:

What Goes On (J. Lennon/P. McCartney/Richard Starkey) 
Girl 
I'm Looking Through You 
In My Life 
Wait 
If I Needed Someone (George Harrison) 
Run For Your Life 

The cover versions are gone, the Beatles write all of their own material, now also with some help from from Richard Starkey (Ringo Starr's real name). This was the album that started the Beatles' more mature look, and their transcendance from the boy band to a band that had an appeal to more mature audiences.

Help! and Rubber Soul were remixed in stereo for the CD's in 1987, which make these CD's sound more modern than the original stereo-LP's. All new LP pressings (from 1987 onwards) have been mastered from the new CD-mixes.

Drive My Car

basic recording- 13 Oct 1965
additional recording- 13 Oct 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 25 Oct 1965
stereo-mixed: 26 Oct 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

The lead vocal is far right in the 1965 stereo-mix, right center in the 1987 remix .

The cowbell track in stereo (1965-mix) is heard during each verse except in the last line, between lines of the refrain, in the instrumental break, and in the fadeout. In mono it is much softer and seems to be missing completely during the fadeout. In the 1987 stereo-mix the vocal is moved to right center, leaving the cowbell and guitar track far right, and the cowbell is heard continuously through the refrain, evidence that the track is being faded during vocal lines in the 1965 stereo mix.

Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)

basic recording- 21 Oct 1965
additional recording- 21 Oct 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 25 Oct 1965
stereo-mixed: 26 Oct 1965, Re-mixed in 1977(?) and again Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

The mono-mix has a pair of cough sounds after "to sit anywhere", mixed out on the others. A stereo mix on bootleg shows this to be George, since it is on the isolated sitar track. Also on that track is a spoken "sounds good" (second word indistinct) just as the vocal begins "she told me she works...", and that is also barely audible in mono only.

The "1977" stereo-mix has the vocal track in the center of the mix, while it is far right in the two other stereo mixes. The "1977" mix was used on "Love Songs" and "The Beatles Ballads".


You Won't See Me

basic recording- 11 Nov 1965
additional recording- 11 Nov 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 15 Nov 1965
stereo-mixed: 15 Nov 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

The stereo mixes fade slightly earlier than the mono-mix.

Nowhere Man

basic recording- 22 Oct 1965
additional recording- 22 Oct 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 25 Oct 1965
stereo-mixed: 26 Oct 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987 and remastered for the Yellow Submarine Songtrack in 1999.

The original stereo mix has all sound either far left or far right. The 1987 CD mix has rhythm (drums, bass, rhythm guitar) at left center and only lead guitar at far left; the lead guitar moves to far right for solo as in 1965. The 1987 mix has John's lead vocal at right center and his second vocal with the others at far right. Then, in 1999, a completely different stereo picture was painted. The original multitrack source tapes  were synched up once again, to form a vastly superior new master. Vocals and instruments in both channels, forming the best and cleanest stereo image of this song so far.


Think For Yourself

basic recording- 8 Nov 1965
additional recording- 8 Nov 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 25 Oct 1965
stereo-mixed: 26 Oct 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987 and remastered for the Yellow Submarine Songtrack in 1999.

Again, the 1999 stereo remaster reigns supreme, with a much clearer "view" of the song. Especially George's lead vocal has benefitted enormously from the new mix.

The Word

basic recording- 10 Nov 1965
additional recording- 10 Nov 1965
master tape- 4 track 
mono mixed: 11 Nov 1965 
stereo mixed: 11 Nov 1965 (released in  USA), 15 Nov 1965 (everywhere else) and remixed in 1987 for the "Rubber Soul" CD

The american stereo "Rubber Soul" LP uses what must be the rejected Nov 11 mix: not only does it not sound as good, but surely Parlophone uses the correct mix, and the new CD mix (1987) was made to sound like the 15 Nov 1965 one. The lead vocal is doubletracked in the USA version but single in the other stereo versions and in mono. In all stereo versions, the main instrumental track is left and the first vocal track is right. In the rejected mix (USA), the track with bass, maracas and falsetto harmony (last 2 refrains) is mixed left with the other instruments, while the track with the second vocal track is mixed right; in the later mixes those two tracks have been mixed to the opposite sides. The last two stereo-mixes both have extreme separation between the stereo channels.

Michelle

basic recording- 3 Nov 1965
additional recording- 3 Nov 1965
master tape- 4 track 2d generation
mono mixed: 15 Nov 1965 
stereo mixed: 9 Nov 1965, remixed in 1987 for the "Rubber Soul" CD

Another mono mix exists from 9 Nov and can be found on the mono USA "Rubber Soul" LP. It has louder percussion and fades a little longer. 

What Goes On

basic recording- 4 Nov 1965
additional recording- 4 Nov 1965
master tape- 4 track 
mono mixed: 9 Nov 1965 
stereo mixed: 9 Nov 1965, remixed in 1987 for the "Rubber Soul" CD

In the closing guitar work, both stereo mixes have a short probable overdub that improves the ending as heard in mono. Ringo's off-mike singing during the break and at the ending is easier to hear in the stereo mixes.

Girl

basic recording- 11 Nov 1965
additional recording- 11 Nov 1965
master tape- 4
track
mono-mixed: 15 Nov 1965
stereo-mixed: 15 Nov 1965, Re-mixed for Love Songs in 1977 and again for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

The 1977 stereo remix has the vocal track in the center of the mix.

I'm Looking Through You

basic recording- 10 Nov 1965
additional recording- 10,11 Nov 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 15 Nov 1965
stereo-mixed: 15 Nov 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

The stereo mixes fades earlier than in mono. The USA stereo "Rubber Soul" version begins with two false starts on guitar, evidently trimmed off the original UK stereo mix(1965). The CD mix (1987) moves Paul's vocal closer to the center. At 1:34 the second note of the third "blat blat" (organ?) suddenly is mixed center instead of to the right like all its other notes, on CD (1987) only

In My Life

basic recording- 18 Oct 1965
additional recording- 22 Oct 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 25 Oct 1965
stereo-mixed: 26 Oct 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

The 1987 CD mix differs from the 1965 one in several ways. Both have the lead vocal mixed far right, but a heavy reverb added to the 1987 version is mixed center, sounding almost like a double track vocal. A breath is heard before the vocal starts in the original stereo mix, the drum is louder in the verses, and a plink in the decay of the guitar, left, at the end of the song is not heard in the 1987 mix. The end of the piano solo is faded away slightly better in 1987.

Wait

basic recording- 17 Jun 1965
additional recording- 11 Nov 1965
master tape- 4 track
mono-mixed: 15 Nov 1965
stereo-mixed: 15 Nov 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

Recorded during the Help! sessions, but overdubbed on the sessions for Rubber Soul.

If I Needed Someone

basic recording- 16 Oct 1965
additional recording- 18 Oct 1965
master tape- 4
track
mono-mixed: 26 Oct 1965
stereo-mixed: 26 Oct 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

Run For Your Life

basic recording- 12 Oct 1965
additional recording- 12 Oct 1965
master tape- 4
track
mono-mixed: 9 Nov 1965
stereo-mixed: 10 Nov 1965, Re-mixed for the Rubber Soul CD in 1987.

A thump during the instrumental break (possibly someone hitting a microphone) has been removed in the 1987 remix.

 

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