1969: Yellow Submarine

 

(Apple/January 17, 1969) PMC 7070 (mono) PCS 7070 (stereo)

Produced by George Martin All songs composed by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, unless otherwise noted.

Side 1:

Yellow Submarine (Previously available on "Revolver") 
Only A Northern Song (George Harrison) 
All Together Now 
Hey Bulldog 
It's All Too Much (George Harrison) 
All You Need Is Love (Previously available as a single)

Side 2:

Pepperland (George Martin)
Sea of Time (George Martin)
Sea of Holes (George Martin)
Sea of Monsters (George Martin)
March of the Meanies (George Martin)
Pepperland laid waste (George Martin)
Yellow Submarine in Pepperland (Lennon-McCartney, arr:George Martin) 


The tracks on side 2 are George Martin Orchestra's incidental film music. Only tracks 2-5 on side 1 are new Beatles-songs. The LP was released as a soundtrack for the cartoon feature "Yellow Submarine".

This LP was the first one that was only mixed for stereo, and the mono edition was simply the combination of the two stereo channels.

Yellow Submarine

basic recording- 26 May 1966
additional recording- 26 May, 1 Jun 1966
master tape- 4 track 2d generation
mono-mixed: 3 Jun 1966
stereo-mixed: 22 Jun 1966, remixed in 1995 for "Anthology 2", remastered and remixed in 1999 for the "Yellow Submarine Songtrack" release. Digitally remixed in 2000 for "1"

The guitar comes in right away in mono but after "in the town" in original stereo. At the start of verse 3, a splash sound effect is faded away quickly in mono as the vocal starts, but continues over "and we live a life" in original stereo. John is heard repeating the vocal after the first line of verse 3 ("life of ease") in mono but not until the next line ("all we need") in the original stereo mix. The last line of verse 3 sounds like "in our yellow clubmarine" in mono but "slubmarine" in the original stereo mix. The official lyric is just "submarine".

The "Anthology 2"-mix is deliberately different, and starts by fading into an intro not used elsewhere before a hard edit to the standard version. The first guitar strum is missing as in original stereo. The mix inverts that mix by having the vocal and rhythm tracks centered, and the sound effects, including some not heard elsewhere, to the left and right and relatively louder. John's "life of ease" is heard in verse 3, and Ringo says "slubmarine".

Then 1999 comes along and paints a new picture of the song in vivid colours. It restores the "life of ease" vocal from John, which has always been missing in stereo. John's replies are also being panned across the stereo image from right to left, creating an effect that the submarine is sailing by us. The sound effects are also brought more to the fore on this version.

Quriously, the year after that, the new "1" compilation CD reverted back to the 1966-mix, although digitally enhanced into 24-bit. Why on earth did they remix it so beautifully in 1999 and then forget all about it? 


Only A Northern Song

basic recording- 13 Feb 1967
additional recording- 14 Feb, 20 Apr 1967
master tape- 4 track + 4 track 2d generation (2 tapes)
mono-mixed: 21 Apr 1967
stereo-mixed: 1995 for "Anthology 2" and remastered and remixed in 1999 for "Yellow Submarine Songtrack"

The first generation, take 3, was mixed down to take 12 and overdubs added; then tracks of take 3 were wiped and overdubs added. The mono mix is made from both synchronized, mainly from 12. No attempt was made to make stereo. The song was used in mono in the original film print of Yellow Submarine.

The Anthology mix is also synchronized from tracks on different original tapes, but deliberately has different tracks mixed in, including a different lead vocal; and it is speeded up just over 2 per cent for no stated reason.

The Yellow Submarine Songtrack mix again synchronizes the original multitracks, but this time they included only what was originally there, and for the first time we had a genuine glorious stereo version of the song.

All Together Now

basic recording- 12 May 1967
additional recording- 12 May 1967
master tape- 4 track
stereo-mixed: 29 Oct 1968
mono made from the stereo-mix 1968
remastered and remixed in 1999 for "Yellow Submarine Songtrack"

A mono mix made 12 May 1967 was used only in the original Yellow Submarine film print. The 1999 remaster gives us the definitive stereo version of this song so far, bringing the backing vocals more to our attention.

Hey Bulldog

basic recording- 11 Feb 1968
additional recording- 11 Feb 1968
master tape- 4 track
stereo-mixed: 29 Oct 1968
mono made from the stereo-mix 1968
remastered and remixed in 1999 for "Yellow Submarine Songtrack"

An 11 February 1968 mono mix was in the film print used at the London premiere of Yellow Submarine, but the song was then dropped from the film entirely. The version of the film with the song has occasionally appeared in the UK but is not the standard version there either. The 1989 video omitted the song once again, but the 1999 re-release of the film restored the "Hey Bulldog" section, in theaters as well as on VHS and DVD.

In 1999, the original multitrack tapes were resynched to make a brand new, "updated" stereo version of the song. Unfortunately, they haven't been able to center the drums, as they were stuck on the same tape as the piano, and they both remain in the left channel.  Ringo did overdub some extra snare beats though, which they have been able to center now.

It's All Too Much

basic recording- 25 May 1967 at De Lane Lea
additional recording- 31 May, 2 Jun 1967 at De Lane Lea
master tape- 4 track 2d generation
stereo-mixed: 17 Oct 1968. edited
mono made from the stereo-mix 1968
remastered and remixed in 1999 for "Yellow Submarine Songtrack"

An excerpt of an 8:25 mono mix made 12 October 1967 was used only in original film prints of Yellow Submarine. The portion used includes a verse not included on the record. The additional material includes another verse and chorus (the original third chorus and fourth verse) and runs longer at the end. This has been bootlegged in mono.

In the stereo mix, most of the sound that is not placed center is placed using ADT to both left and right, so it sounds very dense.

In 1999, the original multitrack tapes were resynched to make a brand new, "updated" stereo version of the song. 

All You Need Is Love

basic recording- 14 Jun 1967 at Olympic Sound
additional recording- 19,23,24,25,26 Jun 1967
master tape- 4 track 3d generation
mono-mixed: 26 June 1967 (used on the single, and the mono USA Magical Mystery Tour LP)
stereo-mixed: 29 Oct 1968
remastered and remixed in 1999 for "Yellow Submarine Songtrack", Digitally remixed in 2000 for "1"

In the intro, the mono version has more horns but less drums, and the piano heard in stereo is not audible. In the guitar solo, the lead guitar is louder in mono and has more flanging, but ends by being cut off awkwardly, while in stereo it fades down but can still be heard during the brass section. The mono version has a longer fade by 10 seconds so that Greensleeves is heard twice. In stereo a voice says "Check!" 25 seconds in.

A new mono mix made 1 November 1967 was used for original film prints of Yellow Submarine.

In 1999, the original multitrack tapes were resynched to make a brand new, "updated" stereo version of the song. The harpsichord in the opening loses a bit of it's original punch though, but the backing vocals are more wonderful than before.

Quriously, the year after that, the new "1" compilation CD reverted back to the 1968-mix, although digitally enhanced into 24-bit. Why on earth did they remix it so beautifully in 1999 and then forget all about it? 

The live television broadcast on June 25 1967, which has been bootlegged, has a tambourine instead of a drumroll at the opening, and a different lead vocal, and additionally parts of the backing tracks were heard before the performance.

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