little tale of two little boys
Once upon a time there was two little boys. Their names were John Lennon and Paul McCartney. Paul wrote songs. One of his songs was called "I lost my little girl". He was only 14 at the time. John was impressed and wanted to start writing songs, too. He was 16. So he wrote one called "Hello, little girl". Cheeky devil. Sometimes the two of them would assist each other in writing a song, and sometimes they would write complete songs together.
There was never a rule about it, like one wrote the lyrics and another the tune. More often it would be that one was stuck with where the melody should go after a verse and a chorus and the other would think of a "bridge" or a "middle 8", a different section. The boys wanted to be big time songwriters, along the likes of Rodgers and Hammerstein, Leiber and Stoller or Goffin and King. It was a young world, musicwise. So they agreed that when they eventually released the songs they had written, they would put both their names on every song, be it a Paul-song, a John-song or a collaboration.
Paul once wrote a song he tentatively called "Seventeen". It went: "Well she was just seventeen, never been a beauty queen". John protested, "No no, you should go 'you know what I mean'!" Cheeky devil. So Paul followed his suggestion, finished the song and renamed it "I Saw Her Standing There". It was almost completely a Paul-song, even though John had contributed to half a line. They both agreed on this. Suddenly, when they were 20 and 22 their pop combo got a record contract and the writers got a publishing contract! Big time was lurking around the corner. So they released a single, "Love Me Do" (Lennon - McCartney). It struck the charts! And the next year they released another, "Please Please Me" (McCartney - Lennon). It became a no.1 hit! So the group (now known as 'The Beatles') released their first long-playing record, "Please Please Me (with Love Me Do and 12 other songs)". They didn't have too many songs written that they were please pleased enough with to record, so some of the songs they recorded was written by others.
This is how the songwriting credits were presented on this, their first LP: McCartney - Lennon. The LP was an instant hit and went to the top of the LP charts in Great Britain for weeks and weeks. The songs from their first single, Love Me Do and P.S. I Love You were now reverted to "McCartney - Lennon".
Next up, the boys released their third single, "From Me To You" (McCartney - Lennon).
The Beatles decide to take a break after this. They go on holiday. Three of them go to Santa Cruz, Tenerife, while John (the cheeky devil) decides to spend some time with the Beatles gay manager, Brian Epstein, in Barcelona, Spain.
After their holidays, the boys has an appointment with their manager. Paul turns up a bit late, and when he finally arrives, he is informed by John and Brian that they have decided that the songwriting credits should hereafter read "Lennon - McCartney" instead of "McCartney - Lennon". Cheeky devils. Paul is dismayed but gives in, seeing as he had turned up late and all that.
And so it came to pass that on all records released after this meeting, starting with the "She Loves You" - single, the credits were written in the new fashion, thus establishing the young songwriting team of Lennon and McCartney along the Rodgers and Hammerstein et al ones. Both boys continued writing songs alone and together, and still honored the mutual agreement they both had made so long ago about putting both their names on their songs.
Their band, The Beatles continued making singles, EP's and LP's for seven years and the songwriting team of Lennon and McCartney turned out hit after hit for the band to record. On one occasion, John Lennon wrote a song called "Give Peace A Chance", which he released with another band, "The Plastic Ono Band". But the Beatles were still together, so he credited the song as always to John Lennon and Paul McCartney.
Eventually, the boys fell out with each other and the Beatles broke
up. John started writing songs together with his wife, Yoko Ono, and
Paul collaborated with his wife, Linda McCartney. John had a few hits,
Paul had lots. After a period of time, John and Paul reconciliated as
friends, but never wrote more songs together. About 10 years after the
break-up of the band, John Lennon was murdered on the street outside
his new home in New York, by a deranged madman. The world mourned, especially
those who had loved the Beatles and their music.
After the death of John Lennon, his widow Yoko Ono became the keeper of his flame and had an equal say when business decisions concerning the Beatles were the issue, alongside Paul, George and Ringo Starr, the bands drummer. In matters concerning the songs that were credited to the Lennon and McCartney songwriting team, she had an equal say to that of Paul McCartney, albeit they both had little influence, seeing as most of their songs were now owned, incidentally, by Michael Jackson.
Ono continued to release records by John Lennon, some of them compilations
of earlier releases, some of them containing hitherto unreleased material
from his archives. One of the compilations was "Lennon- Legend",
a sort of a 'greatest hits' kind of CD. On this CD however, the name
of Paul McCartney was totally omitted from the songwriting credit for
"Give Peace A Chance". A misprint? An oversight? Cheeky devil?
We don't know. And we didn't hear any official complaints from Paul.
Indeed, Paul released his own version of this song on one of his own
CD-singles, taped at a concert in 1990 in John and Paul's hometown of
Liverpool, as a tribute to John. It was a medley of John's songs, also
comprising "Strawberry Fields Forever" and "Help!",
and the medley was collectively credited to "Lennon/McCartney".
Along comes 1994, and the Beatles company Apple has finally wrangled itself out of all the legal hassles with the record company EMI that had existed since the group's break-up 25 years earlier. "Time takes Time", to quote Ringo. Apple is now free to start releasing "new" Beatles CD's comprising hitherto unreleased live, radio, demo and studio recordings by the group. The boardmembers of Apple, Paul, George, Ringo and Yoko are once again finding themselves in business meetings, deciding what to do and what to release. In one of this meetings, Paul decides to adress the question of songwriting credits. His idea is that they should read "Lennon/McCartney" on the songs the pair collaborated the most on, "Lennon/McCartney" on the songs that were actually John-songs, and "McCartney/Lennon" on the songs that are actually Paul-songs, like "I Saw Her Standing There". This is not new. Paul himself applied this method of thinking way back in 1976, when John was still alive, on his release of "Wings Over America" - a concert album that had a few songs on it from the Beatles era.
John didn't say a word about this. He didn't complain that Paul had
"reversed" the songwriting credit. For John, this was OK.
It's Paul's record, and Paul is entitled to write whatever he likes
on the record cover, as long as they are both credited. John didn't
threaten to sue. He didn't ask his lawyers to "see into it".
John did nothing! Nada! Zip! And he used to be such a cheeky devil.
Not trying to read John's mind about this, but this writer's theory
is that John probably saw Paul's point. After all, John knew that the
Beatlessongs on "Wings Over America" were mainly, or completely,
Paul's own compositions.
Back to the Apple board meeting: Yoko ono declines. Product released by The Beatles should have the "Lennon/McCartney" songwriting credit where appropriate. And Paul loses. Again. Even though he met on time this time. Apple releases "The Beatles Live At The BBC"(1994), "Anthology 1"(1995), Anthology 2", "Anthology 3"(1996), "Yellow Submarine Songtrack"(1999) and "1"(2000) with the songwriting credit of "Lennon/McCartney".
On "Anthology 2", the first take of the very famous and hugely successful song "Yesterday" is going to be included. So far, the world had only heard the second take of this song, which was included on the LP "Help!" in the United Kingdom, and released as a single in many other countries. "Yesterday" was a song that came to Paul McCartney in a dream. He woke up and played it on the piano next to his bed, and then struggled for some time to come up with the now familiar lyrics. The song had always been a McCartney composition, and Paul was the only Beatle present on the record. This was one of the reasons why The Beatles didn't want this song to be released as a Beatles-single in the UK, it was too much of a McCartney solo effort. John Lennon had always agreed that this song was Paul's completely, still it was published as a "Lennon - McCartney" composition, Paul still honouring the mutual agreement that the two little boys had made so long ago. When Apple was about to release the song on "Anthology 2" however, he wanted to release it with the names of the composers reversed to "McCartney - Lennon". The version (take one) on "Anthology 2" is even more of a McCartney solo-effort than the familiar take two, because it doesn't have string overdubs, thus Paul is the only living human being present on the record, strumming his guitar, singing and humming. Paul's suggestion was vetoed by Yoko Ono, allegedly causing several already printed covers for the "Anthology 2" to be destroyed and new ones printed.
Along comes 2002 and Paul McCartney undertakes a massive and highly successfull tour of the United States (leaving the sales figures for the simultaneously ongoing Rolling Stones-tour in the dust behind him). He decides to release an album from the tour and entitles it "Back in the U.S.". On this concert recording, there are quite a few songs from way back when Paul and John was a songwriting team. Paul does exactly the same as he already did in 1976 on "Wings Over America", he put his own name first. "Composed by Paul McCartney & John Lennon". But now John's not around anymore to not react to this. Yoko is around. She acts. She's asking her lawyers to "see into it". She instructs her spokesman Elliot Mintz to start a debate about it. She should have taken a history lesson first. This is a non-issue. A storm in the proverbial tea-cup.
In fact, one record featuring John did actually reverse the songwriting credit for "I Saw Her Standing There", the "McCartney - Lennon" - composition from the "Please Please Me" album. On a concert recording with Elton John, John introduces the song like this: "We're gonna do a number from an old estranged fiancee of mine, poor Paul". Cheeky devil. The recording was released as a single in 1981, after John's death and the credit looks like this:
When the song "Please Mister Postman" was first listed on
the LP With The Beatles in 1963, the songwriting credits read: "Please
Mister Postman (Holland)". When "With The Beatles" was
re-released on the CD medium in 1987, the credit suddenly read: "Please
Mister Postman (Dobbin-Garrett-Garma-Brianbert)". The latter presented
a far more accurate description of who composed said song than the former,
yet there was no nostalgic public outcry over this.
Now, a lot of Beatles-fans and followers have for once sided with Yoko on this issue. That the phrase "Lennon and McCartney" is a holy phrase and should not be touched. There are three reasons for this. Number one: "Lennon and McCartney" sounds better than "McCartney and Lennon". This is true, just like the names "John, Paul, George and Ringo" sounds a lot better than "George, John, Ringo and Paul". Number two: Nostalgia. We are used to hearing the words "Lennon and McCartney" like that, and it brings back memories, touches a nerve. Number three: It's alphabetically the correct order. L before M. Funny no one has brought this argument to attention concerning "George, John, Paul and Ringo".
Another argument that has been presented in the ongoing debate is this: Legend has it that early on before they were published anywhere, John and Paul used to write down the words and chords to their compositions in Paul's school exercisebook, starting every page with the signature "Another Lennon and McCartney original". This is how Paul himself remembers it in the "Anthology" book: "We wrote songs together. I wrote them down in an exercise book and above them it always said, 'Another Lennon/McCartney original.' Next page, 'Another Lennon/McCartney original.'" Unfortunately, this exercisebook was thrown into the dustbin one day in the sixties when Jane Asher (Paul's fiancee at the time) was housecleaning. So we can't check. This is a quote I found on the subject when searching the internet, it's by John Lennon from a 1980 interview,courtesy of the book "Lennon and McCartney" by Malcolm Doney (1982):
"Paul and I made a deal when we were fifteen," revealed Lennon in 1980. "There was never a legal deal between us, just a deal we made when we decided to write together that we put both our names on it, no matter what."
So, he doesn't mention who's on bass... er... I mean who comes first.
For a timeline, more scans and Sir Paul's statement: read on...
Or perhaps you'd rather go to Roger's tiny Paul McCartney page?